Commencing about 1943 - with the arrival with the "Handi-Sq." (which was a collaboration amongst Owens-Illinois Glass Co. as well as the Creamery Package Producing Co., a milk producer supply outfit) - and ever more far more as that decade wore on, the milk bottle producing industry commenced generating sq. and rectangular milk bottles in earnest using the same varieties of equipment employed for other bottle types (Tutton 1989, 2003; Lockhart pers. comm. 2011). This integrated the push-and-blow variety machines described as stage #2 at the very best of this portion which had been in use for approximately a 50 % century.
The recognition and availability of sq./rectangular milk bottles needed to do with innovations in bottle and glassmaking engineering that occurred in the Planet War II era. The necessity to devote far more resources on the war effort pressured glassmakers to come up with a lighter but nonetheless sufficiently powerful glass. The Owens-Illinois Glass Firm light excess weight glass container products ended up referred by the proprietary identify Duraglas starting in 1940 (Toulouse 1971; Giarde 1989; Lockhart 2004d).
So, what do these bits of information add up to? Although the makers mark of S. G. CO. could conceivably stand for your names of many glass providers (most from the jap U. S.), presented the estimated age of the bottle (twenties or 1930s) and The situation of the diary user (south central Oregon) the initials Virtually definitely indicate production because of the Southern Glass Company (L. a., CA.) which was in business from 1918 to about 1930 and was known as a milk bottle producer (Toulouse 1971; Lockhart et al. 2009b). Understanding the maker narrows the manufacturing time down a little far more. Having said that, the numbers about the rim of the finish are rim day codes - a bottle monitoring technique used by West Coastline glassmakers through the mid-twenties to early 1930s - indicating that this bottle was made in February ("2") of 1925 ("5").
Sauces and condiments are lumped alongside one another During this segment a result of the similarity from the merchandise, i.e., flavoring garnishments for foods. Sauces are generally thought of condiments, even though not all condiments are sauces - if one particular defines sauce as remaining more liquid than not. Having said that, these two categories of bottles do have some practical discrepancies from one another concerning the overall shapes.
Lots of (most?) on the mouth-blown capers bottles present in the U. S. were imported from Europe as France seems to have been the first producer, processor, and packer of capers during the era of these bottles. Many of the originally labeled bottles noticed via the writer note the solution was "French Capers," including equally bottles illustrating this area. Also, most of the illustrations that have embossed corporation names signifies a French origin (Zumwalt 1980). Though these bottles have been apparently produced by no less than certainly one of the most important U. S. glass makers (Illinois Glass Company) capers bottles have been seemingly a non-normal featuring by most bottle makers, as indicated by a look for of a number of dozen 1890s to 1930s bottle makers catalogs while in the authors possession (as mentioned to the References site).
For example, the probably sauce bottle pictured previously mentioned is from the 1850-1870 era as it's got a glass tipped pontil scar about the pedestal heel base, a crudely applied 1 section oil finish, countless bubbles during the glass, and lacks evidence of air venting however it had been blown in a cup-bottom mould - a aspect mainly discovered on non-pontil scarred bottles. This appears being an early illustration of cup-base mildew use and will point out a later manufacture notwithstanding the presence of your pontil scar and overall crudity which speaks of the pre-1870 manufacture.
Alternatively, it must be accomplished determined by producing based diagnostic features (like located throughout this website) and/or by means of analysis of your historical record when doable with corporation/product embossed bottles or those with the first labels intact.
The so-termed "beehive" sauce bottles pictured to the still left and ideal have been employed by the E. R. Durkee & Co. (New York) and they are embossed on the base as such. (Image to the appropriate courtesy of Glass Will work Auctions.) Simply click Durkee sauce base to find out a picture of The bottom. The pictured bottles vary from 7" to seven.five" tall and could have tooled or applied double ring finishes and evidence (or not) of mold air venting according to the time of manufacture.
The above (left) pictured instance experienced a typical 8 ounce ability and was made by the Whitall, Tatum & Co. (Millville, NJ) from at the least as early as 1879 to a minimum of the early 1910s (Whitall Tatum & Co. 1879, 1892, 1909, 1924). It really is embossed within the entrance (or upper facet even though laying down) with ACME NURSING / (six sided star with WT&CO inside) / BOTTLE. Simply click 1879 catalog to look at an illustration in the Whitall, Tatum & Co. bottle catalog from that year showing the ACME "bent neck, round bottom" nursing bottle in addition to several other types that the business created. This pictured bottle incorporates a tooled one aspect bead end and was blown in a real two-piece mildew with air venting indicating a probable 1890 look at here now to 1910 manufacture.
ca. 1940s). Having said that, without the first label it really is extremely hard to inform what this distinct bottle was employed for. The base does possess the "IPG inside a triangle" makers mark with the Illinois Pacific Glass Corporation (San Francisco, CA.) which the corporate employed from 1926 to 1930 supplying an exceptionally restricted day range for your bottle (Lockhart et al. 2005d). Click the next back links to look at additional pictures of this bottle: foundation watch displaying the makers mark along with the variety "8" (quite possibly a date code for 1928); near-up of your higher body and neck demonstrating the sq. 1-component finish that possible recognized some type of metal cap such as Phoenix.
The maker(s) of the bottle kind is mysterious as similar things were not found in the bottle makers catalogs accessible to the writer. It is very feasible that these bottles are of international origin.
Wax seal jars were being in some cases sealed utilizing a glass lid or substantial cork instead of the tin lid, even though tin was way more frequent and likely more cost-effective and even more reputable than porous cork (Toulouse 1969a; Jones & Sullivan 1989). The picture to the above ideal displays a normal metal cap in place within the groove, though without having sealing wax.
Eastman Brand Pickles - This quart (approx.) labeled jar is basically a chow chow style that was useful for pickles packed by J. P. & D. Plummer (Boston, MA.). It truly is similar to the labeled olive jar pictured at the start of this section (and Pretty much just like the bottles within the tintype) nevertheless this example features a tooled one-component complete and was blown inside a cup-bottom mould with three air venting marks on both of those the back and front shoulders and on the base.
Capers bottles are typically extremely precise in form (and frequently coloration) with only minor versions among various brands - not less than until the 2nd or 3rd 10 years with the twentieth century (reviewed later on). This unique design - as proven by the illustrations pictured below - was seemingly not utilized for every other item but capers.